To the modern eye, Judith Leyster’s Jolly Toper is a strange painting. While Leyster painted many happy people at the bottle, this jovial fellow stands out. His face is enlarged and knowing, a caricature with tiny arms, an inside joke. And sure enough, in the Netherlands, in the 17th century, he was a joke. Jolly Toper was better known as Peeckelhaeringh, Dutch for ‘Pickled Herring'. Peeckelhaeringh was an immensely popular jester character, whose drunken antics were the themes of comedy plays. The Toper’s gesture, raising his jug to show that his drink is empty, was called a Kannenkijker, or ‘Jug-Looker'—a symbol that the show was over, time to go home and sleep it off.